” Since your paper must follow APA style, we recommend that you consult The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association to confirm that they agree. In the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, §8. The Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago style) and MLA style from the Modern Language Association recommend lowercasing the first word of a sentence after a colon unless the colon precedes multiple closely related sentences, in which case the first word should be capitalized. Since you learned MLA in high school as if it’s the only style, and if you quit studying after that or went on to major in the humanities, you could easily assume you’re supposed to continue going by the same MLA style rules that you were brought up with no matter what or where you write. Capitalize nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, and subordinate conjunctions. Now it’s time to adult.
Citations, such as footnotes, differ dramatically in the various styles. However, The Chicago Manual of Style has a different perspective on it. This page describes the title case rules of eight common style guides: the AMA Manual of Style, the AP Stylebook, the APA Publication Manual, the Bluebook, the Chicago Manual of Style, the MLA Handbook, the New York Times Manual of Style and Usage, and the Wikipedia Manual of Style. Capitalize the second part of hyphenated words. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice.
For any work that has four or more authors (or editors), use the abbreviation et al. 152) states: “Although the symbols cap R in a circle and superscript TM for registered and unregistered trademarks, respectively) often accompany trademark. 160 Titles containing. · You can also read more about proper capitalization after colons in section 4. · This month’s workout centers on sections 6. In the final bibliography, the author’s name is inverted: For multiple authors, invert only the first author’s name (and insert “and” before the last): Also, try list the authors in the order they appear on the title page (even though this isn’t the alphabetical order). Your topic matters for which style you pick. Lowercase articles (a, an, the), coordinating conjunctions, and prepositions.
146 (publication information) of the Chicago Manual of Style (17thed. Hyphenated Words Beginning with Single Letters. Sentence-style capitalization in titles and headings Use sentence-style capitalization in most titles and headings: capitalize the first word and lowercase the rest. ), don’t add the colon. In title case, major words are capitalized, and most minor words are lowercase. That’s a relatively rare situation, and the only time you need to capitalize, so that’s why you almost never see it happening.
APA Style uses two types of capitalization for titles of works (such as paper titles) and headings within works: title case and sentence case. , Tous les cornichons du monde). 156 Principles and examples of sentence-style capitalization; 8. Many casual writers, such as bloggers, don’t even realize they’re supposed to chose a style. It’s fine to capitalize there, although Chicago style is to lowercase after a colon. If a title or heading includes a colon, capitalize the first word after it.
” Advanced editors chicago manual of style capitalization after a colon might tackle the questions cold; learners can study sections 6. Capitalization After Colons by David Becker One basic rule of APA Style is to capitalize the first word after the colon in a title. Do capitalize any word after a colon (at the start of a subtitle) and use sentence-style capitalization for foreign language titles (e. FAQ Item Capitalization Q. In that case, you only need to capitalize the word after a colon if there are multiple sentences explaining or demonstrating what comes before the colon. Many sources that define what subjects the styles are used for contradict the other sources. The strategy I happen to use is pretty brain-free, which is to say that it follows AP style. ) Write out numbers that require no more than two words, remembering that a hyphenated number between twenty-one and ninety-nine counts as one word.
(The Chicago Manual of Style) The Chicago Manual of Style has a slightly different perspective on whether to capitalize after colons. Subtitles are usually introduced by a colon (even if there is no colon in the original). Chicago Manual of Style. According to the Chicago Manual of Style, the first letter after a colon should be capitalized in the following cases: The first word after the colon is a proper noun The colon introduces 2 or more sentences The colon introduces speech in dialogue, a quotation, or a question. Some style guides, such as the Chicago Manual of Style, recommend capitalizing the word following a colon only if there are two explanatory sentences following the colon. . Billed as “the official style guide used by the writers and editors of the world’s most authoritative news organization,” the edition of The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage contains hundreds of changes made since the edition, increasing its usefulness to non-NYT writers and editors.
In their view, the word following a colon should be capitalized only if there are two explanatory sentences following the colon. If there is only one sentence that follows the colon, then do not capitalize the first word. Lots of opinions here, but let&39;s look to a higher authority. 159, the following rules are given (among others) for headline-style capitalization: Capitalize the first and last words in titles and subtitles (but see rule 7), and capitalize all other major words (nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and some conjunctions—but see rule 4). While I am glad that Chicago addressed this issue, until the issue is included in the print manual itself, I strongly caution against using nontraditional punctuation. If you’re writing Comparative Lit papers, it’s MLA, and if chicago manual of style capitalization after a colon you write psychology research, it’s APA. The exception is if the question mark of exclamation mark is in quotation marks (the third example): Note also how in the first example the Latin species name is in roman font (see below) and how in the last example the dates are separated by a comma.
Lucky for us, AP and Chicago agree on one thing before they part ways. If you blog, pick which of those topics chicago manual of style capitalization after a colon you cover most. The Chicago Manual of Style chapter 13 addresses just about every issue that might come up in a technical or mathematical text. If there is only one explanatory sentence following a colon, then you do not capitalize the first word after the colon to adhere to the Chicago Manual of Style. , books) are italicized whereas shorter works (e. 158 Examples of headline-style capitalization; 8. In APA style, if the clause following the colon is a complete sentence, it begins with a capital letter. ), and you have a question about how to cite a particular part of a source (title, author, publisher, etc.
. 5 million copies sold! In such cases you can cite the first six or seven and then add the abbreviation.
For more information about the parts of an entry discussed here, please see sections 14. How to capitalize after colons in APA style? If you’re using the Chicago Manual of Style (17thed. 09–11 of the Manual before answering the questions. Turabian’s Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (8th ed. 84 (authors), 14. She has hundreds of short stories in magazines, and some of her novels sport gold medals.
We also covered what fields the style guides are used for, so you can determine which one to employ. There are literally thousands! ” Or if after the colon comes a quote. However, there is a chicago manual of style capitalization after a colon consensus about the basic rules: Always capitalize the first word of a title Capitalize the following parts of speech:. after the first name in your footnote By contrast, in your bibliography et al.
Subscribers to The Chicago Manual of Style Online may click through to the linked sections of the Manual. if what comes after the colon is a complete sentence. If you write about all sorts of topics, most likely Chicago is right for you.
Colons and Capitalization In Chicago style, as a rule, the first letter of the first word after a colon should be lowercase, especially if the colon is used within a sentence. 09–11 of The Chicago Manual of Style, “Punctuation in Relation to Closing Quotation Marks. The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed. 05 on page 90 and sections 4. Among the previews: lowercasing internet, dropping the hyphen in email, adding alt text to the manual for accessibility, improving keywords for searchability, expanding source citations to cover social media, and accepting themself to refer. Instead, there are a number of style guides—for example, the Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) and the MLA Handbook—which each have individual rules for the capitalization of titles. 157 Principles of headline-style capitalization; 8.
I noticed you didn’t do that. If you write news, it’s AP, and if you write popular novels, it’s Chicago. Of course, you’d capitalize the word after a colon if it’s a proper noun or “I. But those are obvious, and there really was no question about that. 15 on page 101 of the Publication Manual (6th ed. The following rules, though occasionally arbitrary, are intended primarily to facilitate the consistent styling of titles mentioned or cited in text and notes:( The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. 61–67 of the Manual before answering the questions.
· (The Chicago Manual of Style) It is a tad different with The Chicago Manual of Style though. Understandably, many editors are confused about when to capitalize the element directly following a colon. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. (“Check it out in. Many people are required to style prescribed by their department or publisher, however.
The Chicago Manual of Style (section 8. · In its section on “Lowercase or capital letter after a colon,” Chicago explains: “When a colon is used within a sentence,” as in the first example above, it says, “the first word following the colon is lowercased unless it is a proper name. So, if you’re using Chicago, which is probable if you’re a blogger unless you’re focused on news reporting, literary criticism or the sciences, capitalize the first word if the colon introduces multiple sentences that explain what came before that colon. Like most things in Chicago style, these are guidelines rather than chicago strict rules, but it is worth checking how your client is using commas if they specify using this style. Advanced editors might tackle the questions cold; learners can study paragraphs 6. · This month’s workout, “Colons,” is taken from CMOS 17, paragraphs 6. Should a colon be capitalized after a colon?
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